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DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/HB63/S08.048

THE COROLOGY, ECOLOGY, PHYTOSOCIOLOGY AND HIERARCHICAL ANALYSIS OF THE BUSHES PLANT COMMUNITIES IN THE PARANG MOUNTAINS (SOUTHERN CARPATHIANS) ROMANIA

M. NICULESCU, T. ALEXANDRU, F. GRECU
Friday 11 November 2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, SGEM Vienna GREEN Extended Scientific Sessions, www.sgemviennagreen.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-79-7 / ISSN 1314-2704, 2 - 5 November, 2016, Book 6 Vol. 3, 371-378pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/HB63/S08.048

ABSTRACT
The surveys have been carried out in the Parang Mountains, part of the Southern Carpathians, in Romania. In the hilly zone and in the lower mountain sub-zone, some woody plant communities occur, such as: Spiraeo chamaedrifolii-Coryletum avellanae Ujv. 1944. Pinus mugo develops here scrubs between 1,700 and 2,100 m. We found such types of bushes in the subalpine area, the upper limit of spruces on gentle slopes but also on steep slopes. The scrubs with Juniperus communis ssp. alpina are frequent in the upper limit of the spruce forests3. In the sub-alpine zone, the plant communities Junipero-Bruckenthalietum spiculifoliae Horv 1936, Campanulo abietinae-Vaccinietum myrtilli (Buia et al. 1962) Boşcaiu 1971 and Campanulo abietinae – Juniperetum alpinae (Buia et al 1962) Boscaiu 1971 plant communities is also frequent. On the mild crests of the versants, the meadows are interrupted by small clusters of Loiseleuria procumbens. On wet and shady valleys we find the shrubbery of Salici-Alnetum viridis Čolić et al.1962 plant communty.The following habitat types have been noticed in the studied area: 4060 Alpine and Boreal heaths; 4070* Bushes with Pinus mugo and Rhododendron hirsutum (Mugo-Rhododendretum hirsuti) and 4080 Sub-Arctic Salix spp. Scrub.

Keywords: Parang Mountains, plant communities, habitats, bushes, hierarchical analysis

PAPER DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/HB63/S08.048, THE COROLOGY, ECOLOGY, PHYTOSOCIOLOGY AND HIERARCHICAL ANALYSIS OF THE BUSHES PLANT COMMUNITIES IN THE PARANG MOUNTAINS (SOUTHERN CARPATHIANS) ROMANIA

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