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DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/HB43/S06.020

INTERGENERATIONAL TRANSMISSION OF MODELS OF PROTECTION AGAINST THE CONSEQUENCES OF WEATHER CHANGES AND THE CONTEMPORARY PROPOSALS FOR ADAPTATION SOLUTIONS IN AGRICULTURAL FARMS

K. Kocur-Bera
Friday 11 November 2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, SGEM Vienna GREEN Extended Scientific Sessions, www.sgemviennagreen.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-82-7 / ISSN 1314-2704, 2 - 5 November, 2016, Book 4 Vol. 3, 145-152pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/HB43/S06.020

ABSTRACT

Climate change is currently one of the key environmental, social, economic and political problems in numerous countries. The effects of this change, occurring over the last few decades, intensify, and therefore have become an object of interest to governments, the international community, and science. Results of scientific research indicate that the consequences of climate change pose a threat to the social and economic development of many countries worldwide. The current situation in the world would not have been so dramatic if it had not been for the fact that the trend in climate change has already brought about a significant and noticeable effect on numerous physical and biological systems (water, the environment, health). Over the last decades, scientists also noted an increase in the number of natural disasters caused by the climate change. The consequences of climate change and the emergence of extreme weather events always affect the most sensitive areas. According to the National Adaptation Strategy for Poland, sensitive areas include coastal and mountainous zones, agricultural land, areas of high biological diversity, and residential areas. The production carried out in agricultural land is subject to natural weather conditions, which means that agricultural producers, due to the climate change taking place, are at increasing risk contributing to the reduction in the future income because of the occurring financial losses, soil erosion, or a low quality of grazing land, which translates into a reduction in investment in the means of production and the development of modern technologies in the agricultural farm. One of the latest reports Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations indicates a wide range of adaptation and mitigation measures which an agricultural producer may implement in their farm in order to minimize the consequences of ongoing climate change.
The variability of weather in areas used for agriculture has always performed. The study aimed at a deeper understanding of the evolution of hedging activities by the variability of weather and finding the roots of the emergence of adaptive models. To achieve this purpose a survey (in-depth interview), which allowed to know what range of actions to prevent financial losses, farmers use in the site. The results indicate that farmers are not always aware that the actions taken in farms are the result passed intergenerational patterns of preventing financial losses. The results of the survey showed that often certain actions performed by the farmers are duplicated because "my father did that and it was good, so I will not change anything." This attitude of farmers is the difficulty in changing the approach for the proposed new solutions. On the other hand, if a solution to effectively protect against financial loss should such information to propagate between the local community of farmers.

Keywords: climate changing, adaptation models, rural areas, survey

PAPER DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/HB43/S06.020, INTERGENERATIONAL TRANSMISSION OF MODELS OF PROTECTION AGAINST THE CONSEQUENCES OF WEATHER CHANGES AND THE CONTEMPORARY PROPOSALS FOR ADAPTATION SOLUTIONS IN AGRICULTURAL FARMS

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