DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/HB33/S02.021

HYDROLOGICAL-HYDROGEOLOGICAL AND GEOTECHNICAL REMARKS CONCERNING THE MANAGEMENT OF THE ANTHROPOMORPHIC SALINE LAKE OF THE TELEGA BATHS

D. FRUNZESCU, G. A. BRANOIU
Friday 11 November 2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, SGEM Vienna GREEN Extended Scientific Sessions, www.sgemviennagreen.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-81-0 / ISSN 1314-2704, 2 - 5 November, 2016, Book 3 Vol. 3, 165-172pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/HB33/S02.021

ABSTRACT

In an old salt mining exploitation with bell shape situated in the Telega locality (Prahova county, Romania) it was developed by flooding a saline lake of great balneotherapeutic importance. The water of saline lakes and their sapropelic mud are considered “therapeutic mineral substances” and are used in balneological therapy as alternative treatments for rheumatic, nervous, dermatological and gynecological diseases. Anthroposaline lakes require special protection and management measures which go beyond the usual regulations and recommendations.
The history of the anthroposaline lake of the Telega Baths and especially the relatively recent balneological exploitation of the establishment, has revealed notable cyclical patterns of the hydrostatic level of the lake correlated with climatic cyclicality increased in amplitude and extension of extra-wet seasons in the last decades. Geomorphological context is specific to evaporitic formations associated to the Badenian salt and is characterized by landslides and exo-karst. As a consequence, the environment with obvious dissolution forms generating instability is vulnerable to hydrological-hydrogeological cyclicalities, in their turn climatic controlled.
The paper presents the hydrological, hydrogeological and geotechnical circumstances history referring to anthropomorphic saline lake of the Telega Baths and of the limitrophe environment whose climatic influenced cyclicity reveals the accounting implications on conditions for a safely balneotherapeutic exploitation. Depending on geological-geomorphological and hydrological setting is recommended restrictive-ameliorative and management measures of the current exploitation for balneotherapeutic purposes.

Keywords: Badenian, Breccia of Cosmina, Telega salt diapire, landslides, salt exokarst, saline water, management of anthroposaline lakes

PAPER DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/HB33/S02.021, HYDROLOGICAL-HYDROGEOLOGICAL AND GEOTECHNICAL REMARKS CONCERNING THE MANAGEMENT OF THE ANTHROPOMORPHIC SALINE LAKE OF THE TELEGA BATHS

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