DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/B22/S10.104


K. Kura
Thursday 8 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, www.sgem.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-59-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 28 - July 6, 2016, Book2 Vol. 2, 815-822 pp

The area of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin, which is Europe’s largest hard coal basin, is
subjected to continuous impacts and risks associated with underground exploitation,
visible mainly in the form of depressions or induced seismicity. The complicated
geological structure, hydrogeological conditions, and the impacts mining exploitation
conducted for more than 200 years (including the exploitation system, its depth, range
as well as methods of liquidation of post-exploitation voids) in the Upper Silesian Coal
Basin, give rise to different types of processes on the surface of the ground. These
processes may take the character of rapid movements of a large amplitude - this may be due to the subsidence of the land surface as a result of voids migrating to the surface and loosened zones, but the displacement may take the character of a small amplitude as long-term subsidence occurring many years after the exploitation. As the area of Upper Silesian Coal Basin is highly urbanized, it is necessary to ensure security in these areas by means of a thorough understanding of the mechanisms of deformation occurring there, and their constant monitoring.
In recent years, satellite registration of the surface of the Earth is becoming more
attractive due to the increasing precision of the recording equipment registering
electromagnetic radiation (sensors) and possibilities of its use. Additional factors
increasing the attractiveness of satellite images is placing new satellite systems on the
orbit, which have increasingly better spatial, spectral and time resolution together with
miniaturization of these devices, which is reflected in a cost of launching such a system
into the orbit. A noticeable factor is the trend of lowering the purchase prices of these
images, compared with the purchase prices of a few years ago, which is also the result
of this technology dissemination and getting cheaper. One of the most promising and
rapidly developing measurement techniques is satellite interferometry InSAR -
Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar. This technique is based on a mutual phase
shift of radar signals between the two radar satellite images, as a result of which an
interferometric image is obtained. Interferogram is used for observation of changes in
the land surface elevation.
This paper attempts to analyse satellite interferometry technique to be used for mining
areas and its practical application in the area of monitoring and protection of areas
subject to the impact of underground mining activities.

Keywords: remote sensing, InSAR, TerraSAR-X, land subsidence