DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/B62/S27.097


C.O.Milincu, A.Racolta, D.Giurea
Wednesday 7 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, www.sgem.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-69-8 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 28 - July 6, 2016, Book6 Vol. 2, 739-746 pp

Establishing the built environment’s sustainability is a process directly influenced by the development of construction systems and building materials applicable to architectural objects regardless of their scale. Component materials, processing, manufacturing, the material placement, exploitation behavior, lifespan are only some of the factors that participate in determining the environmental impact on construction materials. On the other hand, they all have a common denominator, namely the financial factor. In another train of thoughts, the analysis of socio-economical indices in Europe reveals that in Romania, in most of the least urbanized and rural areas, the living standards reach the lowest levels. In this context, certain convulsions appear regarding finding ways to increase the quality of living space and residents’ lives. This should be done by means which involve minimal costs both in terms of procurement of construction materials and the manpower needed to operate their commissioning and not least, sustainability is becoming a central topic, even if the performances are at mediocre levels.
The purpose of this study is to test the feasibility and highlight the limitations of using PET bottles for obtaining a medium insulating efficiency of the ground floor slab in case of single-family homes, located in economically disadvantaged areas and thus have limited access to construction materials and energy-efficient technologies.
The undertaken experiment focuses on analysing the feasibility of such a system in the light of several factors: performance of insulation, financial and human resource utilization, possible alternatives. The calculation is performed in comparison to the usage of construction materials most commonly available on the market.
Considering that the reuse of hard-biodegradable materials - when they become waste - is a green attitude, this paper raises questions about the viability of this technique in terms of thermal performance relative to the low environmental impact in the long term. Another debated issue is maintaining the feasibility of this PET bottle-based system in case of the introduction of legislative measures concerning grants, construction materials insulation market or collection/ recycling PET bottles using alternative methods.

Keywords: PET bottle, thermal insulation, rural environment