DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/B62/S27.084

METHODS OF IDENTIFICATION AND EVALUATION OF HISTORICAL LANDSCAPE STRUCTURES

I.Belcakova
Wednesday 7 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, www.sgem.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-69-8 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 28 - July 6, 2016, Book6 Vol. 2, 637-644 pp

ABSTRACT
The identification of landscape patterns (features) resulting from a knowledge of both natural and cultural heritages is the basis for the determination of the types of landscapes we see from the past. Such areas called „archetypes“ should be given more attention within the framework of spatial planning. It is necessary to draw attention to the values of historic landscape structures that can be damaged by improper landscape management and planning. Society can thus irretrievably lose archetypal assets that are essential to preserve.
The purpose of this scientific contribution is to provide the reader with new information on landscapes, i.e. a new view of current landscapes through a knowledge of landscapes in the past. By employing an appropriate set of methodologies and tools to more deeply understand the unique and original features of historical landscape structures, we are able to better understand their roles and functions in a landscape and consequently use this knowledge for landscape planning and management in individual communities and/or regions.
Records indicating the functional use of an area at different time periods represent a rare source of information that can be used in current land-use planning, for example, in the context of assessing the degree of the anthropogenic transformation of a landscape or the landscape characteristics, etc. Current landscape architecture and planning finds inspiration for new proposals/designs in historical landscape structures (archetypes). A landscape represent a space where it is possible to demonstrate specific forms of management and emphasize traditions that have survived and currently enhance the quality of that landscape. Scientific and professional articles about historical landscape structures in the given area are not comprehensive; at most there are locally processed outputs from purpose-oriented research projects involving historical landscape structures.

Keywords: landscape structures, historical evidence, identification and evaluation methods