DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/B32/S15.109

SPATIAL AND SEASONAL VARIATIONS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS ALONG THE BLACK SEA SHIPPING ROUTES

A. Raileanu, F. Onea, E. Rusu
Thursday 8 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, www.sgem.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-62-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 28 - July 6, 2016, Book3 Vol. 2, 829-836 pp

ABSTRACT
The Black Sea area is a very dynamic environment, where all the offshore activities are under the influence of various environmental parameters. As a first step of the present work, the remotely sensed data provided by AVISO (Archiving, Validation and Interpretation of Satellite Oceanographic Data) were taken into account in order to evaluate the spatial distribution of the wind and wave conditions for the 6-year interval 2010-2015. A more complete picture is provided by assessing the same parameters throughout a reanalysis dataset coming from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts corresponding to the 10-year interval 2005-2014. The results are reported for the offshore points located on the routes A, B and C which will be used to identify the extreme conditions encountered by the ships navigating between Rostov, Azov Sea, the Kerch Strait or from the Novorossiysk region to the Bosphorus strait, respectively. Since the Black Sea is an enclosed basin, the significance of the marine energy resources is lower than in the case of the open ocean. Nevertheless, this geographical region presents some hot spots in terms of wave and wind energy, where the local resources are naturally concentrated leading also sometimes to hazardous situations. Finally, the results provided in this work could be considered usefull for a wide range of marine customers, especially for those involved in the safety of the maritime transportation.

Keywords: Black Sea, wind, waves, navigation routes, extreme conditions.