DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/B32/S15.096

DEVELOPMENT OF METHODS AND TECHNOLOGIES FOR INTEGRATED GROUND-SPACE MONITORING IN THE OFFSHORE AREAS OF THE WESTERN ARCTIC AND SOUTHERN RUSSIA SEAS

G.G. Matishov, S.V. Berdnikov, N.V. Likhtanskaya, N.A. Yaitskaya, K.E. Mesropyan
Wednesday 7 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, www.sgem.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-62-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 28 - July 6, 2016, Book3 Vol. 2, 735-740 pp

ABSTRACT
The object of this study are the offshore areas of the Western Arctic Sea and the South of Russia; to ensure environmental safety thereof it is necessary to create an effective ground-space monitoring system to reduce negative impact of natural and anthropogenic factors on the health and lives of population.
In the course of the research methods, technologies and an experimental model of biotechnical system for integrated ground-space monitoring of the offshore areas of the Western Arctic and South of Russia are developed:

  • acquisition, storage, transfer and complex processing of contact data, using
    - biotechnical systems including mammals, molluscs, and early-stage fish ontogeny (larvae);
    -  flow and portable fluorometric systems installed on vessels and shore stations;
    -  spectrometers of upward sea surface radiation installed on ships and unmanned aerial vehicles;
  • processing and interpretation of remote sensing data of the Earth, including those obtained by hyperspectral equipment;
  • contact and satellite monitoring of socioeconomic processes in the coastal zone of the seas.

An innovative approach is the integration of new and already validated technical solutions in a biotechnical system being both regionally tailored and developed for specific landscape and climatic conditions.
The experimental sample of the biotechnical system for integrated ground-space monitoring of the offshore areas of the Western Arctic and South of Russia under development should serve as a basis for creating regional/inter-regional systems for ground-space monitoring of coastal waters of the Russian shelf.

Keywords: ground-space monitoring, biotechnical system, shelf zone