DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/B31/S12.108

WATER CHALLENGES IN ROMANIA USING THE EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVE

G.Leucuta, R. Halbac-Cotoara-Zamfir
Wednesday 7 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, www.sgem.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-61-2 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 28 - July 6, 2016, Book3 Vol. 1, 829-834 pp

ABSTRACT
Climate change has a major impact on freshwater resources from Europe. Changes in the water availability (shortage, excess, poor quality, ecosystem services) are noted all over the continent. The biggest challenges for Europe at the moment are the increase of water stress (and related droughts) and of flood risks. Romania is no exception to this situation. Extreme water-related events have affected the country in the last few years, affecting agriculture, energy and other socio-economic factors. Policies related to climate adaptation have to be taken into consideration in order to ensure resilience to these extreme water events.
All these pressures on Europe’s waters (diffuse pollution, hydromorphological alteration and over abstraction) are driven by the way agricultural land is managed, and by society’s need for energy, transport and urbanization. To solve this problem we need to look at water and water ecosystems as one of the natural resources — like food or energy — needed in an economy.
This paper will try to identify the water problems in Romania, from a European perspective, and propose measures of climate mitigation and climate adaptation.

Keywords: water challenges, climate adaptation, perspectives