DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/B31/S12.033

DROUGHT AS CLIMATE RISK IN TIMIS COUNTY, ROMANIA

A. Armas, E.T. Man, A. Ienciu, O.Cuzic, R. Beilicci
Wednesday 7 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, www.sgem.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-61-2 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 28 - July 6, 2016, Book3 Vol. 1, 251-258 pp

ABSTRACT
This paper titled Drought as climate risk in Timis county, Romania, studies drought as climate risk, with its negative effects, as well as the main measures to combat them.
The paper analyzes the years 2012, 2013 and 2014 in terms of potential risk to drought, known as warm and deficient rainfall years, especially during the vegetation season. Firstly, drought is approached as the main risk factor and there are shown the main types of drought, as well as its effects on all vital sectors, starting with agriculture, hydrology and continuing with negative effects on people and the environment.
Secondly, a methodology is presented, the methods used to calculate parameters of drought characterization and for calculating water consumption of the main agricultural and horticultural crops, through indirect methods.
The paper ends with a Results section, with results and a discussion where the years 2012, 2013 and 2014 are analyzed through the main indicators characterizing the climate, but also compared to existing multi-annual averages. Next, the conclusions show that the years before 2013 were semiarid years, analyzed according to most indicators, closely followed by 2013, which was a year with monthly and annual average temperatures much higher than the multiannual significant water deficit during the warm period, in contrast to the year 2014, which was a wet year.

Keywords: drought, climate risk, management, rainfall, index