DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/B13/S06.096

CLASSIFICATION OF POLISH SHALE GAS FORMATIONS FROM BALTIC BASIN, POLAND BASED ON WELL LOGGING DATA BY STATISTICAL METHODS

K. Wawrzyniak-Guz, E.Puskarczyk, P. Krakowska, J. Jarzyna
Tuesday 6 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, www.sgem.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-57-5 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 28 - July 6, 2016, Book1 Vol. 3, 761-768 pp

ABSTRACT
The Ordovician-Silurian shales in the Baltic Basin, Poland have become a major target for unconventional shale gas exploration. The purpose of the research was to characterize the heterogeneity of the Polish shale gas deposits and examine how formations considered as sweet spots can be distinguished from other fine-grained deposits in the profile with regard to petrophysical parameters derived from well logging. Two statistical methods were used for grouping and classification data according to the natural physical features of rocks. The first one was simple but effective analysis of box and whiskers plots that were applied to the elemental weight percent logs from geochemical logging. The plots clearly grouped the formation into three types regarding distribution of the elements. An elemental composition strictly associated with mineral composition and thus petrophysical properties of rocks allowed to classify the shales into claystones, claystones with mudstones, and calcareous deposits. The second technique was more advanced and included automatic classification solution based on Kohonen neural network algorithm and clustering the input data (i.e. a set of well logs) by hierarchical clustering algorithm. Neural network combined with cluster analysis confirmed lithostratigraphic division of the Ordovician-Silurian shales and additionally revealed internal diversity within investigated formations. Both methods that were applied to shale classification gave successful results. Statistical approach helped to determine similarities and differences between the Ordovician and Silurian shales and other fine clastic rocks enriched in organic matter that may contain natural gas. Polish shales that have been recently extensively investigated in Poland due to their hydrocarbon potential are very inhomogeneous. Characterization of sweet spots and differentiation intervals rich in hydrocarbons from surrounding rocks are crucial in more efficient prospection of shale gas deposits.

Keywords: shale gas, Baltic Basin, petrophysics, well logging, statistical classification methods