DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/B53/S21.082

THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROJECTS FINANCING IN ROMANIA: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PROPOSALS AND RESULTS

M. Borza, S.Brezuleanu, C.R.Vantu, A. D.Robu, C.L.Costuleanu
Wednesday 7 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, www.sgem.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-67-4 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 28 - July 6, 2016, Book5 Vol. 3, 645-652 pp

ABSTRACT
The protection of the environment is an essential aspect of financial policies, and the funds allocation for environmental projects represent a significant financial stake, with economic, social and environmental impact. The financing of environment is possible to do by many and varied sources; the number of implemented projects is very high, given that environmental problems are numerous and the proposed goals are deeply anchored in reality. Because the reference area of environmental projects analysis is very wide, by present paper we propose to conduct an ex-post analysis of the situation related to environmental projects implemented in Romania, especially after 2007, the debut year of financing from European funds. The analysis will be performed starting from the objectives proposed in the financing programs and we will make an analysis based on comparison between achievements and proposals. The main programs designed to financing the environmental projects in Romania are: Sectorial Operational Programme Environment, Life+, financial mechanisms EEA, PHARE etc. The main topics for the financing proposals are: assessment of the environmental conditions, the natural resources conservation, the water quality improvement, the development of systems for a sustainable waste management, reducing the number of contaminated sites, biodiversity and natural heritage conservation, supporting the management of protected areas, implementation of the Nature 2000 network, reducing the risk of natural disasters affecting the population, rehabilitation of green spaces, environmental education activities etc. We consider that the investments in environmental projects is a relevant subject especially for the future. Our main premise is that an efficient environmental policy depends decisively on the ability to attract and manage the funds allocated for this purpose. The methodological approach is integrative and analyses the financial support for the environment. It also focuses on aspects of efficiency and responsibility. In fact, the present research is has an empirical and fundamental nature, based on observation and comparison methods with analysis and interpretation of official data.

Keywords: environmental projects, financing, analysis, proposals, results