DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/B51/S23.123

IMPROVEMENT OF “GREEN ECONOMY” DEVELOPMENT MECHANISMS IN KAZAKHSTAN

B.Kazbekov, Z.Kazbekova
Wednesday 7 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, www.sgem.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-65-0 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 28 - July 6, 2016, Book5 Vol. 1, 927-934 pp

ABSTRACT

Relevance of the research. Kazakhstan is a great emissioner of greenhouse gases and a contributor to global climate warming because of high carbon intensity. The Strategy of sustainable development, aimed to GDP energy consumption decrease, is adopted. The Law "About energy saving" is acting. The decrease of greenhouse gases emissions according Kyoto protocol is realizing etc. But these measures haven’t led to any improvements of the situation yet. Researches and determining the causes of what is happening are necessary. Goals of the research: 1) to investigate modern state of the theory and methodology of transition to a green economy; 2) to analyze taken measures, introduced mechanisms and to evaluate their compliance to realities and tasks; 3) to work out adequate measures to improve the situation. Methodology of the research. The theory of market equilibrium, adaptation of financial and regulatory mechanisms on both the demand and supply, rejection of irrational capital use in the "brown" economy and outdated subsidies in fossil fuels. Regulation, aimed at capital growth and acceleration of the transition to a green economy , the production of commercially viable financing mechanisms for a green economy. Rectification of the introduced economic instruments related to the constant increase in electricity tariffs and growth of intermediary organizations as a result of conducted privatization of energy industry objects in Kazakhstan, which do not support increase of energy efficiency in the "brown" energetic and transition to renewable energy sources.

Keywords: green economy, wind energy, energy saving, energy efficiency, environmental tax.