DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/B51/S23.116

EXTERNAL RELATIONS OF THE EU: FOCUS ON THE ARCTIC REGION

D.Ciderova, D.Kovacevic
Wednesday 7 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, www.sgem.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-65-0 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 28 - July 6, 2016, Book5 Vol. 1, 871-878 pp

ABSTRACT

In our prior related paper titled “External Relations of the EU: Focus on the Atlantic Region”, our attention was paid to the prospect of a macro-regional EU Strategy for the Atlantic Region (EUSATL) among the established EU macro-regional initiatives.
As if the Atlantic Ocean stretching in hydrographic terms further to the north, the “Arctic Ocean and its marginal seas – [specified by the online version of the Encyclopaedia Britannica [8] as] the Chukchi, East Siberian, Laptev, Kara, Barents, White, Greenland, and Beaufort and, according to some oceanographers, also the Bering and Norwegian seas – are the least-known basins and bodies of water in the world ocean as a result of their remoteness, hostile weather, and perennial or seasonal ice cover”. Derived from the Great Bear and the Little Bear constellations in the vicinity of the North Pole, the term “Arctic” relates to an unexplored potential of the polar region – now increasingly becoming a strategic geopolitical hub. As we have reiterated earlier, overall geostrategy of the EU seeks global stability, economic security and environmental sustainability, and, contrary to the occurring interpretation of „geostrategy” in security/defence terms, we continue to be prone to perception of geostrategy in the context of competitiveness driven by geopolitical and geo-economic developments that are shaped by the political and economic environment.
Fulfilment of this follow-up paper’s objective is, thus, complementary to the respective paper EXTERNAL RELATIONS OF THE EU: FOCUS ON THE ATLANTIC REGION – now we reflect on the prospect of a macro-regional EU Strategy for the Arctic Region (EUSARC) and it is the Arctic Ocean context in terms of multiple dimensions associated with overlapping regional initiatives that we wish to explore further in this paper.

Keywords: European Union, geostrategy, macro-regional strategies, Arctic Ocean, EU Strategy for the Arctic Region (EUSARC)