DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/B53/S21.012

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF EMPLOYEE INVOLVEMENT IN FIRMS’ INNOVATION AND INNOVATIVE CAPABILITIES IN TWO REGIONS’ INDUSTRIES.

J.Andreassen, V.Lankin
Wednesday 7 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, www.sgem.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-67-4 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 28 - July 6, 2016, Book5 Vol. 3, 85-98 pp

ABSTRACT
Both in Russia and Norway the decline in the oil price has led to an increased focus on innovation as a regional driver for growth in both countries.
The paper focusses on two regions in Russia and Norway respectively, and the role of employee involvement in firms’ innovation processes for the regional development of two industries.
In a comparative analysis of the respective regions of Taganrog and Østfold, several case studies in the IT-industry and the construction industry are conducted. Some interesting findings are detected between the hierarchical layers of the firms researched.
The CEOs in both countries share the view on the level of innovation capacity in the firms they manage, while the view of employees and middle managers in the Russian Taganrog region’s about their involvement in the firms’ innovation is higher level than in the Norwegian Østfold region.
This indicates that the Russian firms have a more decentralized organizational and management structure with higher innovative capabilities in the two industries researched, and this provides the Russian firms with an organizational innovative advantage versus their counterpart in the Norwegian region.
Based upon a benchmark analysis of the innovative capacities of industries and firms, the gap in capabilities of innovations in the regions researched is detected. It enables us to trace the competences gap related to a routine level of a firm based upon benchmarking of the best practice, and not only to allow knowledge transfer within the region’s industries but also between the two countries.

Keywords: Innovation management, Innovation process, High-Involvement Innovation, Employee Driven Innovation, Benchmarking