DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2015/B53/S21.094

THE SPATIAL POLARIZATION OF SMALL-SIZED TOWNS IN TIMIS COUNTY OF ROMANIA

I.S. Jucu
Thursday 1 October 2015 by Libadmin2015

References: 15th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2015, www.sgem.org, SGEM2015 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-41-4 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 18-24, 2015, Book5 Vol. 3, 729-736 pp

ABSTRACT
The socio-spatial polarization process fuelled a large interest in the current scientific debates in Central and Eastern European Countries during the post-socialist period. Based on the Romanian post-90 social, economic and politic changes, associated with the national, regional and local policies in urban and regional development, this contribution shortly examines the process of socio-spatial polarization of the small-sized towns in Timiş County of Romania. There are two important accounts concerning the post-socialist changes in the spheres of influences of the towns. On one hand, I discuss about the spatial polarization of the former state-socialist towns and, on the other, about the local polarization of the new post-socialist towns of the county. Among the classic and new approaches in spatial polarization analyses, the research bases on official statistical data from INS Romania, using mathematic models. The findings are correlated with results provided by qualitative investigation. To design the graphic model of the post-socialist spatial polarization, I mapped the local theoretical spheres of influences. Behind the figured findings, then, I discuss about the local deviations related to the local issues of urban development. Furthermore, the changes in the local spatial polarization and the decline of some spheres of influences reveal the increasing role in the regional polarization of the county’s capital, Timişoara, and of the spatial polarization of the Municipality of Lugoj in the eastern part of the Timiş County. The findings provide a geographical perspective in further development programs, reflections and decisions in the local municipalities’ agendas concerned on the spatial development at the county’s scale.

Keywords: spatial polarization, towns, sphere of influence, Timiş County, Romania