DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2015/B32/S15.081

COASTAL EROSION RISK ASSESSMENT OF THE ROMANIAN BLACK SEA COASTLINE

Gelmambet S., Buta C., Mihai G., Eng. Mihai G.
Thursday 24 September 2015 by Libadmin2015

References: 15th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2015, www.sgem.org, SGEM2015 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-37-7 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 18-24, 2015, Book3 Vol. 2, 611-618 pp

ABSTRACT
The work is part of a background study on the current state of the coastal zone from the North-West Black Sea Basin, consisting in establishing a reference database on this area on hydraulic structures, existing coastal protection, vulnerability and risk identification. Romania coastal area is facing significant challenges in terms of habitat, coastal erosion, water pollution and decreasing of natural resources. Fast growth of the population and tourism, exploitation of natural resources on a large scale and rapid development of infrastructure accentuate these challenges. Coastal protection measures; protective dikes in ports; development of industrial capacities in the coastal zone, and the construction of reservoirs and dams in the river basins have influenced how it presents Romanian coastline at this moment. In these circumstances, an integrated approach to coastal sustainability, both economically and environmentally, allowing coordination of multiple interests, often contradictory, to use all social, economic and environmental resources with maximum benefits for current and future generations. This paper aims an accurate assessment of the coastal erosion risk, of the hazardous factors and of the impact factors (vulnerability) area. This assesment are necessary to achieve an effective integrated management of the coastal zone. Following this analysis, areas of the Romanian coast erosion risk were established. All these areas need to be done works of rehabilitation and improvement of existing coastal protection urgently, to stop the beaches erosion and to prevent the loss of cliffs stability.

Keywords: coastal zone, hydro-technical works, coastal protection, coastal erosion.