DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2015/B32/S14.067

MUSHROOMS OF THE POLLUTED BEECH FOREST STAND.

M. Pavlik, J. Kmet
Thursday 24 September 2015 by Libadmin2015

References: 15th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2015, www.sgem.org, SGEM2015 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-37-7 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 18-24, 2015, Book3 Vol. 2, 499-504 pp

ABSTRACT
Imissions are generally considered one of the main causes of macromycetes decline. It is assumed that ectomycorrhizal symbiosis can be a determining factor in explaining the reduced vitality mycotrophic trees affected by actual damage of the forests. Mycota may respond to various environmental changes more and in several ways than trees themselves, because Mycota includes a number of species that react differently to various stress factors. Ectomycorrhizal mycelium acquires nutrients from the overlying layers of humus in forest ecosystems, it is a place where accumulations of toxic microelements coming from imission. Therefore the fungi are used as bioindicators of environmental contamination.
The most attention is currently paid to the role of fungi in diseased and dying stands. Field and laboratory experiments are aimed to investigate the effect of different types of contaminants on spectrum of fungi species. The results of monitoring changes in the spectrum of macromycetes can be used to assess the changes taking place in these ecosystems, as well as assessing the health status and degree of forest damage or damaging of ecosystems at all.
The aim of actual research was to investigate the influence of anthropogenic factors on the quality and quantity of macromycetes in a beech forest stand. The aim of the research was to evaluate the influence of imission pressure on the growth of mycorrhizal mushrooms and on the changes to the spectrum of macromycetes species. The collection of information concerning the spectrum of macromycetes, especially ectomycorrhizal species, and how they adapt to imission pressure, is very important for the active protection and revitalisation of injured forest stands

Keywords: macromycetes, ectomycorrhizal fungi, harmful factors, mycorrhizal percentage

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