DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2015/B32/S14.059

ASSESSMENT OF THE ECONOMIC PRESSURE ON FOREST ECOSYSTEMS IN ROMANIA

R.M. Papuc, R.D. Pintilii, I. Andronache, D. Peptenatu, C. R. Dobrea
Thursday 24 September 2015 by Libadmin2015

References: 15th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2015, www.sgem.org, SGEM2015 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-37-7 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 18-24, 2015, Book3 Vol. 2, 441-446 pp

ABSTRACT
The objective of this study is to quantify the economic pressure on forests in Romania between 2000-2012, during which deforestation reached an alarming level. Quantifying the deforested areas was made from a database, conducted by the University of Maryland, Department of Geographical Sciences, Global Forest Change 2000-2012. Images with forested, cut and regenerated areas in Romania at the county level were extracted from the Hansen_GFC2013 maps and exported in TIFF format color at resolution 1637 x 895 (corresponding scale of 1: 550,000). The resulted TIFF image color were edited using the software ImageJ 1.49 by segmenting color (Color deconvolution - H & E DAB), binarized (algorithm Huang Treshold) and fractal analysis and incomplete, yielding also the percentages occupied areas with forests (FracLac 2014Aprb1012-Box -counting). To quantify the economic pressure on forest ecosystems it have been used data on economic activities that depend on forest cutting. It was performed for the period 2000-2012 database comprising: Evolution of the number of firms, the evolution of turnover, profit development and the number of employees, for the following NACE codes (Classification of Activities of National Economy): 0220 - logging, 0240 - Support services to forestry, 1610 - Sawmilling and planing of wood, 1621, 1622, 1623, 1624 and 1629 - Manufacture of wood, 4673 - Wholesale of wood. The results show an increase in deforested surfaces, which reach over 28,000 hectares nationwide and over 4,500 ha in Suceava County. The results show spectacular growth trend amid pressure on forest development economic sectors that use wood as raw material, timber export growth and, not least, increase forest crime.

Keywords: forestry fund, deforested areas, economic pressure, territorial management

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