DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B42/S19.076

THE INFLUENCE OF MINING ACTIVITIES IN THE AIR QUALITY AND STRATEGIES FOR ITS IMPROVEMENT: THE TAIYUAN (CHINA) CASE STUDY

Z. Qinglong, J. Herrera-Herbert, J. Castilla-Gomez
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-16-2 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 4 ,Vol. 2, 575-582 pp

ABSTRACT
In 1998, a list of the ten most polluted cities was released by the World Health
Organization (WHO). Taiyuan, one of the Chinese industrial, energetic and chemical
industry hubs, ranks foremost among these cities. In January 2012, the Asian
Development Bank (ADB), the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the Tsinghua
University (THU) jointly issued the “Toward an Environmentally Sustainable Future -
Country Environmental Analysis of the People’s Republic of China (PRC)”, which
showed that less than 1% of the 500 largest cities in the PRC meet the air quality
standards recommended by the WHO, and 7 cities in the PRC are ranked among the 10 most polluted cities in the world. Once again, Taiyuan in the Shanxi Province was
ranked first. Based on the case of the industrial city of Taiyuan in Shanxi province, this paper shows how this problem is studied and the methodology developed to bring solutions to improve the reduction in air pollution maintaining the city as one of the most economic and industrial ceners in China. For this, the paper firstly makes a detailed description of its air contamination in recent years and then analyses those polluting factors, including the old and irrational industrial layout, special geographical location, meteorological condition of Taiyuan and the intensive mining operations of surrounding areas. With these combined effects of various factors, the paper discusses how to effectively improve its pollution situation.

Keyword: Air quality, Industrial city, Taiyuan, Environment, Mining activities.