DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B42/S19.057

METHODOLOGY FOR EMISSION QUANTITY ASSASSMENT IN LOCAL ROAD TRANSPORT

J. Kodymova
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-16-2 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 4 ,Vol. 2, 437-444 pp

ABSTRACT
Air protection and emission production is a currently important topic, mainly in terms of greenhouse gas emissions. In the Czech Republic emission analyses of major air
pollutants (PM, SO2, NOx, CO) have been done since 1994. These emission analyses are executed by the Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, whose founder is the Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic. This article briefly introduces emission productions in the Czech Republic. The emissions analyses are structured according to the main pollution groups/categories (large, medium and stationary sources of air pollution and mobile sources of air pollution), including the legislative context. Attention is also paid to the determination of the traffic intensity and the average amount of traffic emissions in a specific part of one road in Ostrava City. In this way emissions are calculated for the dispersion study in the Czech Republic. This type of emission analyses are processed for the same part of the road periodically. This road belongs among those with the most intensive traffic in the centre of Ostrava City (the third largest city in the Czech Republic). Information about traffic intensity is collected by students within a students’ project once a year (during October and November). The results are subsequently compared with the national traffic census, done by the Directorate for National Roads and Motorways every 5 years.

Keywords: PM, SO2, NOx, CO, emission, traffic, Czech Republic, Ostrava City