DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B23/S10.035

REDUCE NOISE OF LASER SCANNING DATA

P. Jasek
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-12-4 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 2, Vol. 3, 275-282 pp

ABSTRACT
The data obtained by 3D scanners with required higher accuracy and density contain disturbing noise, this noise makes the data processing, mainly by means of triangulated irregular networks using automated procedures, more complicated. The paper presents a new methods of noise reduction based on natural redundancy of continuous objects and surfaces where, however, some deformation of the object shape occurs. The second method is based on wavelet transform. The first method involves a gradual choice of a selected number of the nearest points for each point of a scan, a selected surface is fitted with them and by the elongation or shortening of a beam with a given horizontal direction and the zenith angle onto the intersection with the surface a new (smoothed) position of the points is obtained. As the surface for fitting are used plane, polynomials of 2nd, 3rd and 4th degree. For the better calculation stability Chebyshev bivariant orthogonal polynomials are used. These surfaces are complemented by method using the mean. The solution of surface fitting may apply the least squares method, but also a robust method – the minimisation of the sum of absolute values of corrections (L1 norm). The second method used characteristics of wavelet transform.

Keywords: Laser scanning, noise reduction, surface fitting, points