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DOI: 10.5593/sgem2011/s18.119

USAGE OF SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEM FOR ECONOMIC AND CULTURAL MANAGEMENT AND REVIVAL OF THE GREAT DESERT OF IRAN

AUTHOR/S: S. OMIDIAN, B. OSKOOI, K. ABBASPOUR
Monday 1 August 2011 by Libadmin2011

11th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM2011, www.sgem.org, SGEM2011 Conference Proceedings/ ISSN 1314-2704, June 20-25, 2011, Vol. 3, 131-138 pp

ABSTRACT

Iran is a country with an area of 1,648,198 Km2 in the Middle East. When it comes to
sun, there are 300 days of pure high UV sunshine in 95% of the country. There is a
triangular great desert from center to the East of Iran, which due to its position receives
a large amount of solar energy. Because this area is enclosed by the high ridge Alburz
Mountains in the North, the Zagros Mountains in the West and the Makran Mountains
in the East, there is no climate variability and also its geographical and environmental
conditions are exceptional.

However, according to the historical evidence, people lived in prosperity in this region
since 5000 years BC. Archeological findings show specific techniques were used to live
in harmony with the rough nature and in fact many regions were along the largest
commercial way (the Silk Road) in this region.

With respect to the historical records, our objectives in this project include finding
suitable conditions for the usage of solar energy technology, recovery of the desert for
settling people, and developing the tourism industry.

The potential development of Iranian deserts is comparable to Taklamakan in China.
The experience from Taklamakan would be helpful in the progress of the Iranian
deserts. Initially, the purpose of the study will be the introduction of development stages
as a tourist attraction site and eventually switching the region to a place for permanent
residence.

This study uses the Sarvestan village as an experimental site, which is located in the
desert margins and has been abandoned due to lack of water and electricity. To recover
this rural area, which is a small part of the desert, five scientific phases are defined.
These stages, respectively, will start with initial studies of geology and geophysics,
hydrology, surface water drainage, estimation of green plant’s development, and
eventually will finish with creation of a sustainable environment based on the solar
energy system.

Keywords: Development phases, desert revival, solar energy, tourism.

PAPER 2011/s18.119: USAGE OF SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEM FOR ECONOMIC AND CULTURAL MANAGEMENT AND REVIVAL OF THE GREAT DESERT OF IRAN

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