DBPapers
DOI:10.5593/SGEM2013/BE5.V1/S20.006

ANALYSIS OF HISTORICAL RETENTION AREAS IN THE EMERGENCY ZONE NUCLEAR POWER PLANT

H. Justova, B. Tesarova, E. Pecharova, I. Kasparova, S. Semeradova
Tuesday 6 August 2013 by Libadmin2013

References: 13th SGEM GeoConference on Ecology, Economics, Education And Legislation, www.sgem.org, SGEM2013 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-04-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 16-22, 2013, Vol. 1, 41 - 48 pp

ABSTRACT

The work deals with the evaluation of historical landscape structures in relation to current retention capacity of the landscape in the emergency zone of the Nuclear Power Plant Temelín (13km buffer). Landscape structures were modelled and evaluated using map data from the first half of the 19th century, the Stable Cadastre maps, provided by the National Archives CR.
Thematic content of stable land cadastre featured with each parcel its economic use, which can currently be well identified with the applicable categories of land cover used to model the functional elements of the landscape. In addition, these historical data provide high detail (maps at a scale of 1:2 880) and reliable content and spatial accuracy. As the basis of the current state model was used a digital water data base DIBAVOD managed by the Water Management Research Institute.
Landscape features with high retention such as lakes, wetlands, wet meadows were identified. Basic analysis was made to compare the historical and current situation. A significant lack of landscape elements with high retention accumulation capacity in the sense of possible radiation contaminated surface runoff was identified and we determined locations suitable to construct new accumulation elements in the landscape. The ideal solution is to restore already disappeared or intentionally removed elements.

Keywords: Nuclear power plant, historical retention areas, south Bohemia