DBPapers
DOI:10.5593/SGEM2013/BB2.V1/S08.002

ANALYSIS OF CHANGES OF VERTICAL DEFORMATION IN THE OLD TOWN OF TUZLA

N. Kikanovic, E. Ferhatbegovic, M. Uljic, M. L. Salkic
Monday 5 August 2013 by Libadmin2013

References: 13th SGEM GeoConference on Informatics, Geoinformatics And Remote Sensing, www.sgem.org, SGEM2013 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-954-91818-9-0 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 16-22, 2013, Vol. 1, 305 - 312 pp

ABSTRACT

Shifting and the terrain deformation in city zone of Tuzla are the cause of damage / destruction of a large number of residential and commercial, as well as cultural and historical buildings, which causes a big problem for spatial planning. In this sense, especially were analyzed the deformations in the peripheral zone of influence of exploitation, where the buildings of special importance for the city of Tuzla were placed.
This paper presents an analysis of changes of vertical deformation over time, in the zone affected by exploitation of Tuzla salt reservoir. Movements and deformation of the ground surface for the city of Tuzla is a big problem, so for a long period of time surveying methods monitor the behavior of the surface. The existing data of surveying were the basis for determining the vertical deformation.
Analyzing the vertical deformation, the slope in fact, it was determined that significant deformation / damage of objects were present even in areas of relatively small subsidence (0.1 m for a period of 35 years).
Analysis has shown that over time the intensity and direction of max. deformations have changed. It has also damaged and destroyed buildings (most of) that were located outside the immediate zone of salt / exploitation wells, which indicates that exploitation caused the complex processes in the massif.

Keywords: Shrug terrain, slope, aspect, multi-criteria spatial analysis, GIS

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