DBPapers
DOI:10.5593/SGEM2013/BB2.V1/S11.056

USING GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM ANALYSIS IN THE MANAGEMENT OF FLOOD RISK AREAS

C. B. Vilceanu, C. Grecea
Monday 5 August 2013 by Libadmin2013

References: 13th SGEM GeoConference on Informatics, Geoinformatics And Remote Sensing, www.sgem.org, SGEM2013 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-954-91818-9-0 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 16-22, 2013, Vol. 1, 1049 - 1056 pp

ABSTRACT

Before presenting in detail the theme that this paper deals with, it is necessary to integrate the research on this matter within the larger context of global change, which is at this time in a stage of unprecedented evolution. In the last decades, the number of meteorological and hydrological disasters has gradually grown worldwide, thus affecting hundreds of million people every year. As a consequence, it is absolutely necessary to understand the vulnerability and the sensibility of the human community on medium and long term to hydro meteorological risks and the stringency for interdisciplinary studies related to flooding. Therefore, the experts in this field are faced with the assignment of developing evolution and prediction models. Floods represent the most frequent disaster that can occur on various scales, ranging from large to small rivers, with impact on the state of the environment, including not only economic loss and ecological imbalance, but also claiming numerous human lives. As Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and spatial database technology are fast spreading across the tight circles of experts, working in the fields of geodesy and geography, managing areas prone to floods by means of this new technology became a challenge.

Keywords: flood, GIS, environment, meteorological risk, hydrological disaster.

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