DBPapers
DOI:10.5593/SGEM2013/BB2.V1/S11.014

EVALUATING SPATIAL INEQUALITY IN PRE-SCHOOLS IN GHENT, BELGIUM BY ACCESSIBILITY AND SERVICE AREA ANALYSIS WITH GIS

G. Deruyter, K. Fransen, N. Verrecas, Ph. De Maeyer
Monday 5 August 2013 by Libadmin2013

References: 13th SGEM GeoConference on Informatics, Geoinformatics And Remote Sensing, www.sgem.org, SGEM2013 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-954-91818-9-0 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 16-22, 2013, Vol. 1, 717 - 728 pp

ABSTRACT

All Flemish regional cities struggle with the effects of spatial and social inequality which is manifested amongst others in the scholar system. Pupils of primary schools (in Flanders children from 2.5 to 12 years) living in the proximity of a suitable school are forced to attend schools at a greater distance because the capacity of nearby schools is exceeded. This often leads to scenes in which parents camp outside the school, hoping they will be able to enroll their children in the school of their choice.
The goal of the research at hand was to provide a tool for local authorities, not only to be used to visualize and analyze the current school constellation in their territory, but also to support decisions concerning capacity extensions of existing schools, implantation of new schools or suppression of non-essential school locations. This was done by creating an automated and general applicable model in which GIS and network analysis are used to determine the areas serviced by each school. Furthermore the model is used to produce a coverage map based on the ideal scenario for the current demography which is then compared to the actual situation, thus pinpointing and identifying problem areas for which appropriate measures have to be taken. Finally the model can be used to predict and resolve future capacity issues.
The model was validated for pre-schools in the city of Ghent, Flemish Region, Belgium and proved to be a valuable tool to support local policy in education.

Keywords: GIS, pre-school, education, accessibility, service area, location-allocation, network analysis, spatial inequality

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