DOI: 10.5593/sgem2012/s24.v5009


Wednesday 1 August 2012 by Libadmin2012

References: 12th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference, www.sgem.org, SGEM2012 Conference Proceedings/ ISSN 1314-2704, June 17-23, 2012, Vol. 5, 1127 - 1134 pp


In compliance to the international commitments of Bulgaria related with the UN
Framework Convention on climate change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol (KP) as
well as the requirements of the European legislation in this area, the Ministry of
Environment and Water (MEW) organized the preparation of the III National Action
Plan on Climate Change (2013-2020), which was presented for the first public
discussion in March this year. The plan has been developed within the frames of the
project “Holistic Approach to Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Bulgaria”,
supported within the frames of the Norwegian Programme for Cooperation with
Along with the measures in the main economic sectors, a package of measures in the
field of education and science has been also developed in this plan. These measures are
consistent with the needs of the respective sectors on the one hand, and with the
National Strategy of Scientific Research until 2020 and the Programme for
Development of Education, Science and Youth Policies in Bulgaria on the other hand.

The measures in the field of education are structured into two groups:

(1) Development and implementation of state requirements for the topics related to
climate change in the primary, secondary and university education.

(2) Enhancement of the knowledge and qualification of teachers and lecturers on issues
related to climate change and in particular – to reducing the greenhouse gas emissions.

The basic measures in the sphere of science are directed towards practical-applied
scientific research. Eight groups of investigations are structured that correspond to the
reported sectors for annual inventories of greenhouse gases submitted to the UN
Framework Convention on Climate Change (as is the structure of the present action plan
as well): energy; industry; households and services; transport; agriculture; land use and
forestry; waste; social aspects of the low-carbon society. In this way the main part of the
package of measures corresponds to the necessity and important requirement for
conducting scientific investigations, specifically oriented towards the needs of practice.
A group of measures is also identified referring to fundamental scientific research as an
initial ground base for further development of applied scientific investigations and their
practical realization.

Keywords: education measures, scientific measures, reduction of greenhouse gases