DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2012/s24.v5003

COULD THE EUROPEAN CITIZENSHIP INITIATIVE BE CONSIDERED AN EFFICIENT TOOL OF ENVIRONMENTAL DEMOCRACY

C. ENE, I. POP, A. MICU
Wednesday 1 August 2012 by Libadmin2012

References: 12th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference, www.sgem.org, SGEM2012 Conference Proceedings/ ISSN 1314-2704, June 17-23, 2012, Vol. 5, 1085 - 1092 pp

ABSTRACT

The Aarhus Convention, negotiated under the auspices of the UN Economic
Commission for Europe, is the result of the efforts to establish international legal
standards in the field of citizens’ environmental rights to date. Also, it is the first
international document about public participation in environmental matters, developing
the principle 10 of the Rio Declaration, which stresses the need for citizen’s
participation in environmental issues and for access to information on the environment
held by public authorities. Public participation, one of the three main pillars provided by
Aarhus Convention, could be one of the key factors in involving the citizens in the
protection of the environment and strengthening compliance and enforcement of
national and European environmental law. Under European Union regulations, the right
to participate in environmental decision-making process could be exercise more
effectively based on European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI) procedure. Therefore, the
European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI), as introduced by the Lisbon Treaty, allows citizens
to request new EU legislation once a million signatures from seven member states have
been collected asking the European Commission to do so. This paper explores
environmental citizenship within the framework of European Union (EU)
environmental law.

Keywords: EU environmental strategies and policy, Aarhus Convention, European
Citizens’ Initiative, environmental citizenship, public participation