DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2012/s09.v2005

ANALYSIS OF SUBURBAN PROCESSES ON THE EXAMPLE OF CITY OF PRAGUE (CZECH REPUBLIC)

M. MARSALEK, K. KROVAKOVA, K. BERCHOVA, J. SKALOS, M. NEMCOVA
Wednesday 1 August 2012 by Libadmin2012

References: 12th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference, www.sgem.org, SGEM2012 Conference Proceedings/ ISSN 1314-2704, June 17-23, 2012, Vol. 2, 957 - 964 pp

ABSTRACT

The capital City of Prague (Czech Republic), like other large cities of the former
Eastern block, has been for a long time one of the most dynamically growing urban
areas. In the recent years, the city is particularly affected by building of the suburban
areas, where a number of valuable sites with the status of nature reserves and parks is
to be found. In these suburban parts of the undeveloped land the conflict of negative
urban trends and requirements for conservation of valuable landscape features has
grown. For the purpose of this article case studies were carried out, which deal with the
extension of building areas into the forest adjacent to the City of Prague and its
surroundings. The so-called Klanovice Forest is the largest forest complex of the City
of Prague, located at its northeastern border. The area belongs to several categories
of nature protection including the European network Natura 2000. In the studies the
changes in the proportion of build-up areas were investigated in three time periods,
which correspond with the basic map data available (1841, 1953 and 2011, i.e. the
Imperial Imprints of Stabile Cadastre, historic aerial photographs and current
orthophotomap). The maps were imported to and processed in the Geographic
Information System (GIS) environment. The maps were interpreted in the categories
of land cover and the current land cover data were verified by a field survey. The basic
characteristics of landscape macrostructure (area in hectares by category represented in
%) and microstructure (number of patches, the average size of patches, diversity
indices) were computed for each period and the changes in land cover were analysed.
The special attention was paid to the urban areas (area and shape indices, nearest
neighbour analysis) and its penetration into the forest complex of Klanovice. The results
can bring useful information for future sustainable development of the area and for
current issue of process of environmental impact assessment which is being carried out.
In such cases it is necessary to take into account the conclusions of this investigation
that show significant changes and significant expansion of suburbia at the expense
of the semi-natural forested areas playing a key role in the outskirts of the city.

Keywords: land cover, landscape structure, historical development, suburbanization,
geographic information system

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