DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2012/s03.v1047

PUBLIC POLICY FOR THE LONG TERM LIGNITE MANAGEMENT FOR SECURE ENERGY PRODUCTION IN THE REPUBLIC OF KOSOVO

I. KRASNIQI
Wednesday 1 August 2012 by Libadmin2012

References: 12th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference, www.sgem.org, SGEM2012 Conference Proceedings/ ISSN 1314-2704, June 17-23, 2012, Vol. 1, 757 - 764 pp

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research is multidimensional evaluation of lignite energy resources
in Kosovo, as well determination of the public policy scenarios for the possible
development in lignite mining and energy production in long term view in order to
facilitate strategic management of lignite resources and decision making for the stable
energy supply of the country. The economic development in all transition countries,
including Kosovo, has proven how difficult it is to manage owned natural resources
properly and benefit from them. These difficulties are firstly related with big variation
of the main energy and economic indicators, lack of an appropriate and effective
infrastructure to collect data and select an appropriate methodology for sector
development, especially during the transition period. Difficulties become greater in the
existing situation where for different sectors of the Kosovo’s economy there are still
does not exist development strategies. The final aim of this work is to develop a guide
for the strategic assessment of fossil fuel resources regarding the appearing and spaceconsuming
aspects relevant for environment and with it a basis for the production of a
raw material protection strategy.
Demand for energy in the region will increase considerably in the coming years and
Kosovo, with its quality and easy-to-extract lignite, is well placed to also supply the
emerging regional market. Nevertheless, for all the comparative advantage that Kosovo
has in this sector, no country, including oil-rich countries relies exclusively on energy
production. The relation between the country’s economic development and the energy
demand is considered as a key issue and is represented as a closed cycle. This cycle
includes many economic, social and technological analyses. In order to clearly define
the correlations between them, many studies are needed in the economic, spatial,
environmental and social development sectors. The main objectives of the lignite
exploitation strategy for the economic development of the energy sector in Kosovo are
the following:

  • Encouragement of exploration and use of domestic deposits of lignite in an environmentally responsible way.
  • Development of long term plans for lignite mining in various locations based in regionally divided lignite basins in Kosovo, ensuring proper spatial planning permissions and protection of lignite deposits areas.
  • Preparation of a clear and stable fiscal framework that will be attractive for private investors to develop lignite fired generating facilities in the future.
  • Reclamation strategy of current and previous lignite mining areas.
  • Increase public awareness about economic benefits from lignite exploitation for energy production and stable supply with electricity.

Keywords: Public Policy, Lignite, Kosovo, Energy, Management