DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2012/s03.v1034

MINING IN ROMANIA AND ITS ENVIRONMENT LIMITATION - WITH A STUDY CASE OF MARAMURES COUNTY

I. BUD, D. GUSAT, S. DUMA, V. ARAD
Wednesday 1 August 2012 by Libadmin2012

References: 12th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference, www.sgem.org, SGEM2012 Conference Proceedings/ ISSN 1314-2704, June 17-23, 2012, Vol. 1, 661 - 666 pp

ABSTRACT

In Romania, there is next to lignite and hard coal, especially metal and salt deposits. Of
those in the Maramures County mainly lead and zinc, copper, gold and silver ores were
excavated. The exploitation of the mineral resources in Romania is regulated by the
Mining Law no. 85/2003 which was updated with the Law no. 237/2004 and no.
284/2005.
After a short presentation of the exploitation license in Romania (many thanks to
NAMR - National Agency of Mineral Resources in Romania) [1], the paper will present
the effects of the underground exploitation of the Mine Sasar in Maramures County
over the surface in comparison with another Mine - Altenberg Pinge, Germany. The
Mine Sasar is no longer active (after Government Decision no. 1846/13.12.2004), but
the allocated budget of its closure of 7,467,000 RON (cca. 1,895,851 EUR conversion
for the year 2004) doesn’t cover the rehabilitation costs of the surface area. Some
negative effects of the applied mining operation used in Sasar Mine will be presented
also.

Keywords: resources in Romania, environment impact, rehabilitation costs, surface
movements