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COMFORT AND COHESION IN OUTDOOR AND SEMI OUTDOOR SPACES IN SANLIURFA TRADITIONAL ARCHITECTURE, TURKEY

M. YILDIRIM
Wednesday 19 December 2018 by Libadmin2018

ABSTRACT

This paper examines comfort and cohesion in outdoor and semi out door spaces of historical environment with a hot and dry climate using the example of the traditional streets, courtyards and recesses of Sanliurfa, Turkey. The goal of this research is to investigate the design principles for achieving comfort and social cohesion in the historical environment of Sanliurfa traditional architecture. In Sanliurfa historical settlement, where traditions and customs have an important role in the social structure, has created an own identity by influencing the space structure and the architectural structure surrounding it. Traditional civil architecture, which is formed by culture, climate, geography and topography in the historical process, is one of the rare examples of climate and social cohesion. The goal of the study is to reveal the comfort and social cohesion conditions in the means of outdoor and semi outdoor spaces of Sanliurfa traditional civil architecture. In the study, narrow streets of traditional architecture’s outdoor spaces like streets and the passageways, and the semi outdoor spaces the courtyards and iwans were examined. The research reveals that the design of the traditional, outdoor spaces of Sanliurfa provides a microclimate in the hot and dry summers of the region, and offers a social space for the social relations.

Keywords: Outdoor and Semi Outdoor, Comfort, Sanliurfa Traditional Architecture


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