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INVENTORY OF CO2 AND CH4 EMISSIONS FROM OIL EXPLOITATION IN POLAND

B. Uliasz-Misiak
Wednesday 19 December 2018 by Libadmin2018

ABSTRACT

Conventions, agreements and international regulations aimed at counteracting climate change impose on the signatory Governments, including Poland, the obligation to document the amount of greenhouse gases emitted to the atmosphere. Inventory is taken from various industrial sectors, including sources related to the exploitation of crude oil. In the oil production processes, greenhouse gas emissions come from three main sources categories: combustion emissions (stationary and mobile sources), released (process) emissions and fugitive emissions. The two main greenhouse gases emitted from the oil production processes are carbon dioxide and methane. Most of the carbon dioxide is emitted from fuel combustion processes in both stationary and mobile sources, the smaller part of the emission is disorganized (fugitive emission). Case of methane is the reverse, the majority of emission is fugitive. CO2 and CH4 emissions shown in the annual inventory for the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and its Kyoto Protocol are estimated based on emission factors (default or country-specific) and the amount of fuel burned (in the case of emissions from combustion). The article presents the CO2 and CH4 emissions from fuel combustion and the amount of fugitive emissions (exploitation, venting and flaring) arising from the extraction of crude oil in Poland in the years 1988-2016.

Keywords: carbon dioxide, methane, oil exploitation, emission, Poland


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