DBPapers

THE BERBESTI COAL FIELD, ROMANIA EFFECTS AND IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENT

AUTHOR/S: A. ISTRATE, M. N. FRINCULEASA, A. M. DRAGNE
Sunday 1 August 2010 by Libadmin2008

8th International Scientific Conference - SGEM2008, www.sgem.org, SGEM2008 Conference Proceedings/ ISBN: 954-918181-2, June 16-20, 2008, Vol. 2, 355-364 pp

ABSTRACT

The demands existing at the European Union level impose a new approach of the
problems concerning the mining exploitation from the point of view of the effects and
pressure exerted by them over the environment and of all the consequences of the socioeconomic
development. Starting from the strategic objectives imposed by the European
programmes at the environment-protection level, corroborated with the rather slow
rhythm of reform of the Romanian mining industry determined by the delay concerning
the achievement, in the mining areas, of a business milieu which is due to stimulate the
private investments. Thus, the investments launched in these areas will concentrate on
elaborating and implementing an appropriate management through appropriate policies,
instruments and the sustained mobilization of the financial and human resources.

The lignite exploitation in the coal field area of Berbesti has required dramatic
environmental changes (air, waters, soil, vegetation) as well as changes in the socio
human activities (such as habitation movement, head offices of local public institutions
– even entire villages, of communication means, high–tension and phone networks).
The adequate determination of the effects and implications of the exploitation of the
environment, the physical-geographical and economic peculiarities of the area have led,
within the frame of long-lasting development, to setting up priority actions among
which we enumerate: restructure and transform the mining activity in a modern and
viable economic sector (the creation of an industrial minipark that is to include the
perimeter of the Berbesti quarry); ecologize the area affected by the mining activity, in
accordance with the territory systematization programme, promote the technological
development and the technology transfer as an alternative to the mining activity.

Keywords: Mining Exploitation, Effects And Impact, Environment Protection