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TIMING OF CELL PRODUCTION IN TREE RINGS: AN AUTOMATIC TWO-STEP PROCEDURE IN R

D. Belousova, M. Popkova, E. Babushkina, V. Shishov
Thursday 11 October 2018 by Libadmin2018

ABSTRACT

The study of intra-annual dynamic of wood formation is one of the most progressive and fast-growing fields in plant sciences. The main anatomical characteristics of tree-ring structure, e.g. number of cells and radial cell size, are closely related to the kinetics of cell production. In this case, the timing of seasonal production is a fundamental aspect of plant development and functioning. To better assess the impact of specific climatic events to the timing and dynamic of growth, a process-based modeling can be a very useful tool. The Vaganov-Shashkin model was proved to provide reliable estimates of tree growth under strong limited conditions. Based on the assumption that climate conditions are determining cell differentiation mostly in the cambial zone, the model computes daily growth rate and converts it into the rate of cell production. In this work we present a two-steps approach combining the process-based VS-modeling and the timing procedure for cell production. An automatic method to identify the formation time of new cell transfer to the enlargement zone of tree ring was developed in R. The main advantage of a new approach was the ability to estimate daily values of growth rates and timing of cell formation in the forest-steppe zone in southern Siberia over a long period of direct climate observations without labour-intensive field measurements. The significant correlation between the original algorithm and its updated automatic version proves correctness and reliability of the new method.

Keywords: cambial activity, cell size, tracheidogram, Vaganov-Shashkin model, southern Siberia


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