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ASSESSMENT OF THE NEGATIVE WASTE WATER IMPACT AND IMPROVING THE REGULATION OF ANTHROPOGENIC INFLUENCE ON WATER BODIES OF THE BAIKAL NATURAL TERRITORY

I. Ulzetueva, B. Gomboev, D. Zhamyanov, V. Batomunkuev
Thursday 11 October 2018 by Libadmin2018

ABSTRACT

The paper deals with the need to improve techniques and methods of valuation acceptable impacts on the ecosystem of the lake. Baikal. A study is made of the negative influence of discharges of harmful (polluting) substances on the unique ecological system of Lake Baikal. The scientific substantiation has been developed for the normative of maximum permissible impacts on the lake’s ecological system and the methods of determining them. On the basis of a statistical processing of hydrobiological and hydrochemical data for Lake Baikal, collection and analysis of initial information on the main components of the chemical balance in Lake Baikal, assessments of the anthropogenic load on the lake, and calculations of the balances of pollutants, we determined the normative of permissible impacts on the ecosystems of Baikal and its hollows regarding inputs of chemical substances and suspended solids as well as microorganisms. The developed scientifically-based recommendations include proposals for regulating the masses and concentrations of harmful substances by discharged into the lake Baikal and its tributaries, the amount of emissions and discharges to the Baikal Natural Territory, the adjustment of the list of standardized substances to the lake, the establishment of standards for the permissible impact for the main sources of negative impact.

Keywords: anthropogenic impact, harmful substances, normative of maximum permissible impact, system of state standardization, Lake Baikal


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