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TREATED WASTE DISPOSAL IN A SENSITIVE RECEIVER AREA; THE CASE OF THE VISTONIS LAGOON IN EAST MACEDONIA THRACE, GREECE

AUTHOR/S: C. P. TSIMPIRIDIS, N. PAPAMANOLIS, A. PARPAIRIS, V. C. KELESSIDIS, T. EXARCHOU
Sunday 1 August 2010 by Libadmin2009

9th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference - SGEM2009, www.sgem.org, SGEM2009 Conference Proceedings/ ISBN 10: 954-91818-1-2, June 14-19, 2009, Vol. 2, 653-662 pp

ABSTRACT

Waste disposal is the biggest humanity problem nowadays. This has been recognized
worldwide and we are lucky because waste treatment is applied, at least at developed
countries. On the other hand Nature is suffering a lot and biodiversity is reducing
rapidly. The preservation and conservation of Nature has leaded European Union to
establish the NATURA 2000 network in continuity of Ramsar Convention. In this paper
the conditions and the status of the biotopes of the National Park of East Macedonia and
Thrace, and particularly of Vistonis lagoon, were studied and analyzed, because the
significant and very important flora and fauna of this ecosystem render it worthy of
protection, while at the same time, its characterization as Nature (Natura 2000, Ramsar,
SPA (Special Protected Area) and SCI) make it of immense importance to the Region.
The study involved examination of the effects of direct and indirect disposal of treated
sewage in the main body of the water of the lagoon, analysis of the biotic and abiotic
elements of the ecosystem and evaluation of the state of the anthropogenic environment.
The implementation of this thesis was carried out by the means of literature review with
emphasis on wetlands and lagoons, like the area under investigation in this thesis,
analysis of the biotic and abiotic elements of the lagoon ecosystem, survey of similar
theses, articles and studies, proposals of measures for effective protection and integrated
area management and probing analysis on the economic and environmental value of the
environment.

Keywords: waste disposal, lagoons, NATURA 2000, Vistonis, East Macedonia-Thrace.

PAPER 2009/s20.31: TREATED WASTE DISPOSAL IN A SENSITIVE RECEIVER AREA; THE CASE OF THE VISTONIS LAGOON IN EAST MACEDONIA THRACE, GREECE

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