DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/54/S23.035

ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF THE LIQUIDATION OF COAL MINES

A. Harat, Z. Adamczyk, A. Klupa
Tuesday 12 September 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgem.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7408-11-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, 29 June - 5 July, 2017, Vol. 17, Issue 54, 267-274 pp, DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/54/S23.035

ABSTRACT

The article presents practical problems related to mines liquidation. This process is the last stage of mining activity. As a result the reduce of negative environmental impact should be obtained. The aim of the study was to demonstrate the complexity of this investment process. The last mentioned is not limited to environmental problems and also applies to the economic and legal issues. There is no doubt that the activity of extracting minerals from deposits is a source of a whole series of adverse environmental changes. More importantly, those negative consequences can occur simultaneously with mining activity and many years after its completion. In analyzed area two different ways of mine liquidation were used: recovery of materials from the mine shafts with simple flooding and filling the former mine workings by selected rock material or systematic process of mine liquidation. As an example of properly conducted process activities carried out in the coal mine Jan Šverma (Czech Republic) were presented. It seems that in Poland, despite of disbursement of substantial funds for this purpose, at least so far, due attention isn’t applied to comprehensive implementation of such projects.

Keywords: mining activity, environmental impact assessment, economy