Bulgaria in pictures

Situated in southeastern Europe, Bulgaria occupies the northeastern part of the Balkan Peninsula. To the North, via the Danube River, it borders on Romania, to the West – Serbia, and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. To the South, its neighbors are Greece and Turkey. To the East Bulgaria touches the Black Sea, which links it also to Russia, Ukraine, and Georgia.

Bulgaria occupies a relatively small area - 111 000 sq. km, but is nevertheless distinguished by its generous and varied nature - a sea with 380 km. long coastal strip and golden beaches, 16 mountains with their own characteristic features, shelters valleys and high plateaus, over 550 curative mineral springs, dozen of unique natural phenomena and 2000 thrilling caves, a healthy climate, and diverse flora and fauna.

The Bulgarian nation is one of the most ancient. The Bulgarian state was founded on the present-day territory of Europe in 681 and ever since that time the name of the country has always been the same.
Bulgaria is especially proud of its rich folklore traditions. Folk dances, music, national costumes and traditional rituals have an important place in the life of Bulgarians. Every town and village celebrates Christian holidays and folk festivities in its own special way.
90% of Bulgarian people are Orthodox Christians and celebrate the traditional Christian holidays - Christmas, Easter and the name days of Bulgarians named after Archangels, Saints and Martyrs. About 8% are Muslims. As a whole Bulgarian people are very obliging and hospitable.
The World Register of Historical Sites, established by UNESCO, includes seven cultural sites and two nature reserves in Bulgaria - Tracian tomb - Sveshtari, Tracian tomb - Kazanlak, The Madara Horseman, The Boyana Church-Sofia, Ivanovo Rock Monasteries, The Rila Monastery, Old Nessebar, Sreburna Nature Reserve, Pirin National Park.
Bulgaria has some 500 deposits of mineral waters with over 1,600 water sources. These are localized chiefly at the mountain foothills. Climatic sea-side resorts offering various recreation services. Picturesque lakes hide in the folds of the Rila and Pirin mountain ranges. Reservoirs of recreational potential are to be found in the Rhodope Mountains, at the foot of the Balkan Range, as well as in some other places. There are good prerequisites for the development of adventure tourism: wild waters– rafting and canoe, diving, delta and para glidting.


Greenwich time + 2 hours, Central European Time + 1 hour
Winter time: GMT +2 hours (October through March).
Summer time: GMT +3 hours (April through September)


The population of Bulgaria is about 8 000 000 people, 1 150 000 million live in the capital, 450 000 people live in the sea capital – Varna.
Large Cities - Sofia (Capital city), Plovdiv, Varna, Bourgas, Russe.

The official language in Bulgaria is Bulgarian. The Bulgarian language belongs to the group of Slavic languages and it is very close to Russian, Macedonian, and Serbo-Croatian languages. English, German, French, and Russian are spoken in the country's resorts, hotels, and restaurants. Alphabet - Cyrillic. Signs along international motorways, in airports, and in resorts are also spelled in Roman letters.

Remark: Bulgarians shake their heads from the left to the right to express "YES". However, this stands for "NO" in the rest of the world.

The average January temperature in Sofia ranges between -4° and 2°. The July temperature ranges between 16° and 27° C. Along the Black Sea, the average January temperature ranges between -1° and 6° C and the July temperature ranges between 19° and 30° C. The soft transitional Mediterranean climate and the fertile soils are very suitable for growing the century-famed Bulgarian attar-yielding rose – a valuable raw material for perfumery, medical products, food and wine, and tobacco industries.


  • 1 January - New year's Day
  • 3 March – The National Holiday
  • April (floating date) - Easter
  • 1 May - Labor Day
  • 6 May - St. George's Day
  • 24 May - Cyrillic Alphabet and Slavonic Culture Day
  • 6 September - Union Day
  • 22 September - Independence Day
  • 1 November - Day of the National Leaders
  • 24, 25, 26 December - Christmas