THE STATE OF GEOLOGICAL EDUCATION AND MINING INDUSTRY AS AN INDICATOR OF THE MAIN VECTORS OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE USSR AND RUSSIA IN THE 20th CENTURY.

Mironov, V.; Sorokin, A.
Abstract:
The article examines the relationship between the tasks facing geologists and the General state of the economy of the USSR and modern Russia. Since the end of the 19th century, geology has moved away from purely historical research of the Earth and is increasingly focused on the search and exploration of minerals and on merging with the mining industry. Given that the territory of the USSR and modern Russia has almost all types of minerals, it is most profitable to use the resources located on its own territory. Hence, the assumption is made that by the tasks that geologists have faced or are facing in Russia, it becomes possible to determine the general vector of development of the economy and society. The purpose of the article is to prove this assumption. For this purpose, we consider periods when the nature of economic development set the vector for the development of geology and extractive industry, as well as when achievements in geology and extractive industry changed the structure of the country's economy. The following indicators will be used as criteria for assessing the state of the geology of Western Siberia: the level of scale and quality of regional geological mapping; the state of the geological education as a response to the needs of the economy.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2020
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
history of geological education; geology; economy; resources; Western Siberia
Volume:
20
SGEM Book title:
20th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2020
Book number:
5.2
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference-SGEM
Pages:
887-894
Publisher address:
51 Al. Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; C
Period:
18 - 24 August, 2020
ISBN:
978-619-7603-11-8
ISSN:
1314-2704
Conference:
20th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2020, 18 - 24 August, 2020
DOI:
10.5593/sgem2020/5.2/s22.110
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