ANALYZING DIFFERENTLY PREPARED SNOW SAMPLES TO DETERMINE AIR QUALITY IN THE CITY

Pilecka, J.; Valujeva, K.; Grinfelde, I.; Vebere, L. L.; Purmalis, O.
Abstract:
Air pollution has a negative impact on human health and the ecosystem as a whole. It causes a variety of diseases, such as asthma, various lung diseases, cardiovascular diseases, which particularly affect children and the elderly. The aim of the study is to determine how the preparation of melted snow samples for analysis influences concentrations of lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), nickel (Ni), vanadium (V), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn) in snow samples. For snow samples analysis ICP-OES spectrometer "iCAP 7000" is used. In study, 180 snow samples are collected in 60 different locations in Jelgava city. Two different sample preparation methods are used to determine Pb, Zn, Ni, V, Cu, Mn in concentration in snow samples. In the first sample preparation method, the snow samples are filtered through a paper filter and acidified to 1% HNO3, while in the second preparation method snow samples are acidified to 1% HNO3, aged for 3 days and then filtered through a paper filter. The results shows that samples that are filtered and then acidified have lower concentrations of contamination than samples acidified with dust. Concentrations of Pb, Zn, Ni, V, Cu, Mn in snow samples between both sample preparation methods differ significantly. The results show that contamination accumulates in dust, and therefore they are the most dangerous to human health.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2019
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
urban environment; contamination; snow; ICP-OES method; dusts
Volume:
19
SGEM Book title:
19th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2019
Book number:
4.1
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference-SGEM
Pages:
859-866
Publisher address:
51 Alexander Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
Bulgarian Acad Sci; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Slovak Acad Sci; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; World Acad Sci; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Ac
Period:
30 June - 6 July, 2019
ISBN:
978-619-7408-83-6
ISSN:
1314-2704
Conference:
19th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2019, 30 June - 6 July, 2019
DOI:
10.5593/sgem2019/4.1/S19.109
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