GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS FOR SUPPORT OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC CRISIS MANAGEMENT

Valasek, J.
Abstract:
In the Czech Republic, in order to optimize crisis management processes on both the national level and within self-administration bodies, aiming to prevent or minimize consequences of emergency and crisis situations, provision of operational system for rescue and recovery work and other measures for crisis situations, and an effective information support are necessary. Therefore an appropriate geographic information systems of crisis management were designed and are now being utilized. An applied research method was used to analyse available geographic information systems and to compare the parameters from the perspective of advantages and disadvantages of individual systems. The geographic information systems (GIS) were appointed for the Directorate General of Fire Rescue Service, regional offices of the Fire Rescue Service, and for the departments of protection and defence at local town offices. It enables data gathering on possible threat and on power and means for dealing with possible accidents. A version of released GIS also enables registration of the civil protection material in a special module. To display data in the GIS maps the installation of Arc View programme by ESRI Company is needed. With that programme a vector map DMU 25 was also provided. It is possible to add any map base which the programme Arc View can work with. Data is saved in database MS Access. Unfortunately this data base is not very suitable because sometimes it has problems with large data volume although there is friendlier environment for users at data module comparison with IS Accident. The geographic information system is able to serve for crisis planning (data gathering, emergency and crisis plans making and other documents according to various acts and directions), for crisis management (support during decision making process of regional security council and crisis staff upon crisis situation) and for operational centres and their management of rescue and recovery operations both at a rise of an emergency situation (without announcement of crisis stage) and as well upon the announcement of the crisis state.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2019
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
geographic information system; data; database; vector map; Arc View; crisis; management.
Volume:
19
SGEM Book title:
19th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2019
Book number:
2.1
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference-SGEM
Pages:
887-896
Publisher address:
51 Alexander Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
Bulgarian Acad Sci; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Slovak Acad Sci; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; World Acad Sci; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Ac
Period:
30 June - 6 July, 2019
ISBN:
978-619-7408-79-9
ISSN:
1314-2704
Conference:
19th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2019, 30 June - 6 July, 2019
DOI:
10.5593/sgem2019/2.1/S08.115
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