3D SCANNING OF THE HISTORICAL UNDERGROUND OF BENEDICTINE ABBEY IN TYNIEC (POLAND)

Gawronek, P.; Makuch, M.; Mitka, B.; Bozek, P.; Klapa, P.
Abstract:
The historical Benedictine Abbey, which comes from the 12th century, consists of a basilica, monastery buildings and underground cellars. The underground of abbey, which is commonly unavailable for tourists, is not only historically valuable exhibit but also reveals condition of the foundations of the buildings, which has been built on a limestone hill above the River Vistula. In order to obtain spatial information of the underground of the abbey, scientists have made laser scanning of cellars and corridors under the basilica and monastery. Restricted conditions of references TLS data and complicated geometry of control points network made registration of the point clouds difficult. The article presents the methodology of planning, measurement and verification of 3D scanning procedures of underworld abbey. The procedure of measurement of the historical object excluded possible to install permanent reference targets. In measurements mainly temporarily points were used as a tie points. As a result they form a network of control points with high reliability. The applied procedure allowed to capture complete point cloud of underground in the same coordinate system as point clouds of the basilica and the monastery. Geometric features of architectural details were used to verify compliance of reference system of the underground and building. Results of the study are the basis for documentation of building foundations. In addition, due to the location of the abbey on a steep hill, the results of research will be the reference measurement for periodic 3D object measurements in monitoring displacement and deformations of historical underground.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2017
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
TLS; point clouds registration; digitize monument; historical monument; historical monument
Volume:
17
SGEM Book title:
17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017
Book number:
22
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference-SGEM
Pages:
3-10
Publisher address:
51 Alexander Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
Bulgarian Acad Sci; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Slovak Acad Sci; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; World Acad Sci; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Ac
Period:
29 June - 5 July, 2017
ISBN:
978-619-7408-02-7
ISSN:
1314-2704
Conference:
17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, 29 June - 5 July, 2017
DOI:
10.5593/sgem2017/22/S09.001
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