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COMPARATIVE MORPHOLOGY, ANATOMY AND BIOCHEMISTRY IN PRUNUS SPINOSA L. FRUITS

Boz, I.; Costica, N.; Stratu, A.
Abstract:
The aim of this paper is to analyse the structural, physical and biochemical features of Prunus spinosa fruits harvested from different locations in the N-E region of Romania. Fruits samples have been analysed through specific techniques and methods of the light microscopy. For the comparative description of the epi- and mesocarp from harvested fruits, measurements for specific parameters were made using the Minitab 18 software. Physical and biochemical parameters analysed were: the height of the fruit; the diameter of the fruit; the average of fruits fresh weight; kernel and pulp (epicarp + mesocarp) mass; total content of total soluble solids from the fruits juice; contents in water, dry matter and total mineral elements. The knowledge of the morpho-anatomy of Prunus spinosa fruits is rather poor. Our studies regarding structural features of the epicarp and mesocarp highlighted a diversity regarding thickness of cuticle, the dimensions and form of epidermal cells, the thickness of epidermal cell wall, form and dimensions of hypodermal cells and mesocarp cells. The physical and biochemical parameters presents value variations related to the fruits source location and the cluster of individuals from fruits collection location. Fruits in location 3 were noted by the lowest values for physical parameters, and those in location 4 by the highest values. It was highlighted a moderate water content and a negative correlation between the water content and the soluble solid matter content. In conclusion, we consider the fact that the specific manifestations of the indicators investigated are determined to a large extent by genotype, the degree of fruit maturation, as well as the specific climatic conditions from the fruits collection areas.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2018
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
blackthorn; histo-anatomy of fruits; physical and biochemical characteristics
Volume:
18
SGEM Book title:
18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM2018
Book number:
6.4
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference-SGEM
Pages:
103-112
Publisher address:
51 Alexander Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
Bulgarian Acad Sci; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Slovak Acad Sci; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; World Acad Sci; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Ac
Period:
3 – 6 December, 2018
ISBN:
978-619-7408-71-3
ISSN:
1314-2704
Conference:
18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM2018, 3 – 6 December, 2018
DOI:
10.5593/sgem2018V/6.4/S08.014
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