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ECOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF SANITARY CONDITIONS IN UNDERGROUND MINING

Palka, D.
Abstract:
Underground coal mining plays an important role in the Polish economy. It is particularly important in the Silesia region, where coal is called black gold. Hard coal mines are the only source of income for thousands of families living in this region, and coal is the basic raw material for the production of electricity and heat. However, the exploitation of coal is inseparable from the negative impact on the environment. The basic ecological problems of mining include: mining damage, areas degraded as a result of mining activities, emission of pollutants into the air, mining waste, water pollution from plant dewatering and many others. One of the important ecological and social problems of this process is to ensure proper sanitary conditions for employees. This seemingly trivial problem in the conditions of underground exploitation is a very important issue. The lack of designated places to meet physiological needs is a problem that significantly affects occupational health and safety, and at the same time can cause social tensions. Employees' unconsciousness may also result in a significant ecological threat, in particular in relation to groundwater. In extreme cases, an epidemiological threat may occur. A large amount of waste remaining in underground excavations and resulting from the lack of sanitary standards and the habits of employees can therefore be a major threat to working environment. To solve this problem and to improve working conditions, a project was implemented to create sanitary spaces in underground workings. The work presents the results of the implementation of this project. Data on the amount of solid and liquid waste exported from the surveyed enterprises are particularly interesting. The paper presents the basic assumptions of the project and discusses its effects on the environment. The implementation of the proposed solutions should significantly improve working conditions and positively affect the natural environment.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2018
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
underground mining; sanitary conditions; ecology; employee awareness
Volume:
18
SGEM Book title:
18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM2018
Book number:
4.3
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference-SGEM
Pages:
35-44
Publisher address:
51 Alexander Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
Bulgarian Acad Sci; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Slovak Acad Sci; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; World Acad Sci; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Ac
Period:
3 – 6 December, 2018
ISBN:
978-619-7408-70-6
ISSN:
1314-2704
Conference:
18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM2018, 3 – 6 December, 2018
DOI:
10.5593/sgem2018V/4.3/S05.005
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