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GEORISK: A GEOLOGIC RISK MAP FOR THE WORLD HERITAGE AREA OF PORTO CITY (NORTH PORTUGAL)

AUTHOR/S: R. MOURA, M. SOUSA, I. FERNANDES, M. CUNHA, D. AFONSO, J. PAULO, F. P. AZEVEDO, A. CARVALHO, F. NORONHA, L. BORGES
Sunday 1 August 2010 by Libadmin2009

9th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference - SGEM2009, www.sgem.org, SGEM2009 Conference Proceedings/ ISBN 10: 954-91818-1-2, June 14-19, 2009, Vol. 2, 25-32 pp

ABSTRACT

The growing concern for the preservation of heritage in face of natural hazards led to
the appearance of the Regional Framework Operation (OQR) NOE - Heritage and
Prevention of Natural Hazards under the Community Initiative INTERREG III C. The
OQR NOE, led by the Provence-Alpes-Cote d’Azur (PACA, France) region, together
with the Northern Portuguese regional coordination agency (CCDR-N), Molise and
Sicily regions (Italy) and eastern region of Attica (Greece) aimed at developing
preventive measures to safeguard the cultural heritage due to occurrence of natural
hazards.

The main aims, were to undertake an evaluation of existing practices through a strategy
of inter-regional cooperation among the partners NOE and develop concrete actions in
the field including strategies for prevention, early warning and intervention adapted to
the heritage, awareness and accountability of officials and local decision makers,
implementation of trans European experience, development of new technologies,
cooperation and support for Euro innovative operations. In this context arised the
subproject (SP) GEORISK, that joined an inter-regional cooperation of the City Council
Port (CMP), the Bureau de Recherches et Geologiques Mini (BRGM), the Department
of Geology, Faculty of Science of the University of Porto (DGFCUP) and the
Portuguese Institute of Architectural Heritage (IPPAR), now called the Institute for
Management Architectural and Archaeological Heritage (IGESPAR).

For the implementation of the SP four main lines of action were defined: (i) Know the
methods of assessment of geological hazards in France and Portugal and to foster the
exchange of experiences, (ii) identify the specific level of management in relation to
heritage geological risks; (iii) define the relevant actions to develop from local and
regional decision makers, and (iv) Prepare a "Map of Geological Hazards in Historic
Area of Porto (ZHP), to then therefore define a set of management measures,
prevention, protection and intervention that can be generalized to other similar cases
and to preserve the existing assets and then outline a plan for sustainable recovery. With
these objectives in mind we sought map and integrate in GIS all the available information in order to assess the main geologic hazards of Porto: slope stability and seismic hazard.

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