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DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/HB43/S06.025

THE PHILIPPINE DISASTER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM DURING LARGE-SCALE DISASTERS

Z. Piepiora, O. Belarga, M. A. Alindogan, V. H. R. Arcos
Friday 11 November 2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, SGEM Vienna GREEN Extended Scientific Sessions, www.sgemviennagreen.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-82-7 / ISSN 1314-2704, 2 - 5 November, 2016, Book 4 Vol. 3, 187-194pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/HB43/S06.025

ABSTRACT

The Philippines is one of the most disaster prone countries in the world. The aim of this article is to verify the concept of cooperation within the framework of the crisis cluster (on the local level) and its purpose in counteracting the effects of natural disasters in this country. Storm is the main type of natural disaster that the Philippines has had experienced from 1946-2015. The topographic map vs. the administrative map analysis (in the context of occurring disasters conducted on the local level) concludes that there are two types of provinces (districts) in the Philippines: neutral and seaside. Hence, we explore two provinces with the most devastation during storms in the history of Philippines. First is the Northern Leyte province in the Eastern Visayas region – the seaside province during the Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda). Second is the Agusan del Sur province in the Caraga Region – the neutral province (not vulnerable to effects of storm surges and coastal floods) during Typhoon Pablo (Bopha). The cases of Filipino provinces on the background of whole country provides an example of model of crisis cluster of country on the medium level of development. In the model, the cooperation of public utility units, the private sector and NGO’s takes place on the local level. In the cluster system based on the recommendations of UN-OCHA, a government agency typically acts as the lead agency for a disaster response cluster while a UN agency or an NGO functions as a co-lead.

Keywords: natural disaster, disaster management, emergency management, crisis cluster

PAPER DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/HB43/S06.025, THE PHILIPPINE DISASTER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM DURING LARGE-SCALE DISASTERS

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