DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/B23/S11.062

THE CHOICE OF MEANS OF TRANSPORT AND DAILY MOVEMENTS IN URBAN ENVIRONMENT

L. Zajickova, V.Vozenilek, M. Rypka
Friday 9 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, www.sgem.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-60-5 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 28 - July 6, 2016, Book2 Vol. 3, 487-494 pp

ABSTRACT
The choice of means of transport is determined by many factors. The paper deals with the analysis of traffic behaviour and factors influencing the choice of means of transport in Czech cities. The aim of this paper is to analyse and statistically evaluated parameters influencing the choice of means of transport, range and daily movements of the population, including the perception of the quality of public transport in terms of reliability, speed, security, etc. based on the survey with 1,000 respondents in two large cities of the Czech Republic. Several crucial achievements were identified. One is that at least 50% of the active population use public transport for the daily movements in the large cities. The usual choice of means of transport can affect mainly poor weather (more than 50% of respondents) or lockouts in timetables. Residents of surveyed cities are willing to go 600 meters in average to the stop of public transport. The selection of stops primarily affects the frequency of stop serving, the need to change the mode of transport or the vehicle, the time necessary to travel from point A to B, potential delays and equipment of the stop (mainly machine for tickets). With the city’s size increases the length of journeys, which is also changed depending on the type of the destination. The choice of means of transport is also influenced by the path length and age of respondents. Furthermore, it was found that in Czech large cities, majority of the population is able to move within the city in 30 minutes, about 5 minutes is needed to move to/from the stop.
Obtained findings and outputs contribute to behaviour and requirements of the population in the Czech large cities, their opinion on the public transport and the reasons for the preferences of individual transport. Obtained findings and outputs can be used as an additional source of information for spatial planning or by transport agencies for optimization of public transport in the city.

Keywords: means of transport, daily movements, cities, commuting, stop

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