DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/B32/S15.111

THE EVOLUTION OF ROMANIAN FISHERIES IN RECENT YEARS

C. Danilov, A. Totoiu, G. Tiganov, E. Anton, G. Radu
Wednesday 7 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, www.sgem.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-62-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 28 - July 6, 2016, Book3 Vol. 2, 853-860 pp

ABSTRACT
The evolution over time of Romanian fisheries has shown great variations. During the period 1950-1979, the contribution of demersal species to the total catch on the Romanian coast was represented especially by sturgeon and turbot catches. The period 1980-2009 is distinguished by significant changes in terms of the qualitative and quantitative structure of catches on the Romanian coast. Very important fish species for Romania, such as the blue mackerel and bonito, withered their volume of biomass and gave way to species of lower economic value. The drastic reduction or disappearance of traditional predators from the Black Sea ecosystem (blue fish, blue mackerel, bonito, dolphins) determined, on the one hand, the increase of pelagic fish stocks with small size like sprat, that were the food of these predators, and, on the other hand, the increase in abundance of predators such as whiting and dogfish. After 1990, because of socio-economic changes, the small-size pelagic species lost their importance, giving again special attention to the economically valuable demersal species like turbot. The increase of catches reported at the Romanian coast in the past 5 years is not due to fish species, but to the increasing interest of economic operators to harvest (manually of using the beam trawl) the Rapa whelk (Rapana venosa), which, in 2015, for instance, represented more than 90% of the total catch.
The data presented in this paper are obtained by the National Institute for Marine Research and Development (NIMRD) “Grigore Antipa“ as a partner of the National Agency for Fisheries and Aquaculture (NAFA) in the implementation of the National Data Collection Programme for Fisheries 2011-2015.
A brief outline of the contents comprises:
- Structure of the fishing fleet, fishing gear and fishing effort;
- Quantitative structure of the catches on species;
- The economic importance of marine fisheries;
- The influence of fishing on the marine environment;
- Legal and institutional framework;
- Recommendations on reducing the environmental impact of fishing.

Keywords: Black Sea, fleet, gear, effort, catch, fishery legislation, recommendations